Sai Baba of Shirdi - Wikipedia
Matter of Life and Dating is a Lifetime Television movie, directed by Peter Wellington and starring Rachael Harris, Ricki Lake, and Holly Robinson Peete. Ram Jethmalani blames his dismissal as law minister on Nor for that matter was Chief Justice of India Adarsh Sein Anand when he learnt of . I do not grudge you whatever you have achieved in life nor do I covet any part of it. . What matters is authenticity. The Ferrari F looks, sounds and handles like a Ferrari F; the Dodge in real life and, unless your name's The Stig, you'll barely make it to the end of Release date: |Plateform: Xbox | Developer: Turn 10 Studios Release date: ()|Plateform: PlayStation 2 | Developer.
Bhandari, and the state assembly was dissolved. When the BKS staged a farmers' demonstration Modi ordered their eviction from state-provided houses, and his decision to demolish illegal temples in Gandhinagar deepened the rift with the VHP.
Modi wrote a foreword to a textbook by Dinanath Batra released inwhich stated that ancient India possessed technologies including test-tube babies. Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee who asked Modi for tolerance in the aftermath of the Gujarat violence and supported his resignation as chief minister   distanced himself, reaching out to North Indian Muslims before the Lok Sabha elections.
After the elections Vajpayee called the violence in Gujarat a reason for the BJP's electoral defeat and said it had been a mistake to leave Modi in office after the riots.
Modi was barred from entering the United States by the State Departmentin accordance with the recommendations of the Commission on International Religious Freedom formed under the aegis of the International Religious Freedom Act  the only person denied a US visa under this law.
As Modi rose to prominence in India, the UK  and the EU  lifted their bans in October and Marchrespectively, and after his election as prime minister he was invited to Washington. He asked the national government to allow states to invoke tougher laws in the wake of the Mumbai train bombings. In it, Modi argued that scavenging was a "spiritual experience" for Valmiks, a sub-caste of Dalits. As Chief Minister, Modi favoured privatisation and small governmentwhich was at odds with the philosophy of the RSS, usually described as anti-privatisation and anti-globalisation.
His policies during his second term have been credited with reducing corruption in the state. By December, structures had been built, of whichwere check damswhich helped recharge the aquifers beneath them.
Several other companies followed the Tata's to Gujarat. Gujarat expanded the Jyotigram Yojana scheme, in which agricultural electricity was separated from other rural electricity; the agricultural electricity was rationed to fit scheduled irrigation demands, reducing its cost. Although early protests by farmers ended when those who benefited found that their electricity supply had stabilised,  according to an assessment study corporations and large farmers benefited from the policy at the expense of small farmers and labourers.
There has been a contentious debate surrounding the development of the state of Gujarat during Modi's tenure as chief minister. Modi's policies to make Gujarat attractive for investment included the creation of Special Economic Zoneswhere labour laws were greatly weakened. InGujarat ranked 13th in the country with respect to rates of poverty and 21st in education.
Nearly 45 percent of children under five were underweight and 23 percent were undernourished, putting the state in the "alarming" category on the India State Hunger Index. In the state ranked 10th of 21 Indian states in the Human Development Index. Political Scientist Christophe Jaffrelot says that under Modi the number of families below the poverty line has increased and conditions for rural adivasi and dalits, in particular, have declined.
According to them, Gujarat's performance in raising literacy rates has been superior to other states and the "rapid" improvement of health indicators is evidence that "its progress has not been poor by any means.
This is a typical example of how a usual civil trial proceeds in our courts. The credibility of entire judiciary is at stake unless effective remedial steps are taken without further loss of time. Though original litigation and the appeal which commenced from but in order to avoid expanding the scope of these appeals, we 1 are dealing only with the second litigation which commenced in The order sheets of the suit of are reproduced as under: Fixed for arguments on Adjourned for reply to application and further proceedings.
Adjourned for reply and arguments on the application. Summons to Defendants other than Defendant No. Adjourned for arguments on Order 6 Rule Counsel for the Defendant seeks time to file reply.
Counsel for the Defendant objected that the addresses of Legal Representatives are not correct. Right to sue survives. Order 6 Rule 17 pending for disposal. Written submissions filed by Plaintiff.
- Narendra Modi
- Ram Dayal Munda
- Matters of Life and Dating
Order 6 Rule 17 dismissed. Fixed for PE to Defendant sought time to cross-examine PW. Defendant prayed for adjournment. Defendant moved application for transfer of the case. Last opportunity for cross- examination. Previous cost not pressed for.
PW sought time for obtaining copies of documents. However DW stated that he is not feeling well. Fixed for final arguments. Directed to file the copy of the order. Adjourned for proper orders. Adjourned for final arguments. Counsel for the plaintiff.
Proceedings stayed by the High Court. Matter under stay by the High Court. None for the Defendant. Adjourned for reply and ar guments. Application allowed to cost of Rs. Come up for arguments on the application. To come up for DE. Application for exemption allowed.
Affidavit of Kishan Gopal tendered as DW1, and he is cross-examined and 2 discharged. Dismissed with cost of Rs. Arun Mohan, learned amicus curiae, has written an extremely useful, informative and unusual book "Justice, 2 Courts and Delays". This book also deals with the main causes of delay in the administration of justice.
The wrath of Ram - Cover Story News - Issue Date: Aug 7,
He has also suggested some effective remedial measures. We would briefly deal with the aspect of delay in disposal of civil cases and some remedial measures and suggestions to improve the situation. According to our considered view, if these suggestions are implemented in proper perspective, then the present justice delivery system of civil litigation would certainly improve to a great extent. Those involved receive less than full justice and there are many more in the country, in fact, a greater number than those involved who suffer injustice because they have little access to justice, in fact, lack of awareness and confidence in the justice system.
Mohan, in our legal system, uncalled for litigation gets encouragement because our courts do not impose realistic costs. The parties raise unwarranted claims and defences and also adopt obstructionist and delaying tactics because the courts do not impose actual or realistic costs.
Ordinarily, the successful party usually remains uncompensated in our courts and that operates as the main motivating factor for unscrupulous litigants. Unless the courts, by appropriate orders or directions remove the cause for motivation or the incentives, uncalled for litigation will continue to accrue, and there will be expansion and obstruction of the litigation.
Court time and resources will be consumed and justice will be both delayed and denied. According to the learned author lesser the court's attention towards full restitution and realistic costs, which translates as profit for the wrongdoer, the greater would be the generation of uncalled for litigation and exercise of skills for achieving delays by impurity in presentation and deployment of obstructive tactics.
Litigation perception of the probability of the other party getting tired and succumbing to the delays and settling with him and the court ultimately awarding what kind of restitution, costs and fines against him - paltry or realistic. This perception ought to be the real risk evaluation. According to the learned Amicus Curiae if the appellants had the apprehension of imposition of realistic costs or restitution, then this litigation perhaps would not have been filed.
According to him, ideally, having lost up to the highest court Procrastinating litigation is common place because, in practice, the courts are reluctant to order restitution and actual cost incurred by the other side.
Profits for the wrongdoer According to the learned Amicus Curiae, every lease on its expiry, or a license on its revocation cannot be converted itself into litigation. Unfortunately, our courts are flooded with these cases because there is an inherent profit for the wrong- doers in our system. It is a matter of common knowledge that domestic servants, gardeners, watchmen, caretakers or security men employed in a premises, whose status is that of a licensee indiscriminately file suits for injunction not to be dispossessed by making all kinds of averments and may be even filing a forged document, and then demands a chunk of money for withdrawing the suit.
It is happening because it is the general impression that even if ultimately unauthorized person is thrown out of the premises the court would not ordinarily punish the unauthorized person by awarding 2 realistic and actual mesne profits, imposing costs or ordering prosecution. It is a matter of common knowledge that lakhs of flats and houses are kept locked for years, particularly in big cities and metropolitan cities, because owners are not certain that even after expiry of lease or licence period, the house, flat or the apartment would be vacated or not.
It takes decades for final determination of the controversy and wrongdoers are never adequately punished. Pragmatic approach of the courts would partly solve the housing problem of this country. The courts have to be extremely careful in granting ad- interim ex-parte injunction.
This must be done to discourage the dishonest and unscrupulous litigants from abusing the judicial system. In substance, we have to remove the incentive or profit for the wrongdoer. While granting ad interim ex-parte injunction or stay order the court must record undertaking from the plaintiff or the petitioner that he will have to pay mesne profits at the market rate and costs in the event of dismissal of interim application and the suit.
According to the learned Amicus Curiae the court should have first examined the pleadings and then not only granted leave to amend but directed amendment of the pleadings so that the parties were confined to those pleas which still survived the High Court's decision.
Thirdly, if the civil judge on 6. And thirdly, your pleadings 2 and contentions before the High Court had the effect of completely negating any claim to adverse possession. Framing of issues is a very important stage in the civil litigation and it is the bounden duty of the court that due care, caution, diligence and attention must be bestowed by the learned Presiding Judge while framing of issues.
In the instant case when the entire question of title has been determined by the High Court and the Special Leave Petition against that judgment has been dismissed by this court, thereafter the trial court ought not to have framed such an issue on a point which has been finally determined upto this Court. In any case, the same was exclusively barred by the principles of res judicata. That clearly demonstrates total non-application of mind. We have carefully examined the written submissions of the learned Amicus Curiae and learned counsel for the parties.
We are clearly of the view that unless we ensure that wrong- doers are denied profit or undue benefit from the frivolous 3 litigation, it would be difficult to control frivolous and uncalled for litigations. In order to curb uncalled for and frivolous litigation, the courts have to ensure that there is no incentive or motive for uncalled for litigation.
It is a matter of common experience that court's otherwise scarce and valuable time is consumed or more appropriately wasted in a large number of uncalled for cases. Usually the court should be cautious and extremely careful while granting ex-parte ad interim injunctions. The better course for the court is to give a short notice and in some cases even dasti notice, hear both the parties and then pass suitable biparte orders.
Experience reveals that ex-parte interim injunction orders in some cases can create havoc and getting them vacated or modified in our existing judicial system is a nightmare. Therefore, as a rule, the court should grant interim injunction or stay order only after hearing the defendants or the respondents and in case the court has to grant ex-parte injunction in exceptional cases then while granting injunction it must record in the order that if the suit 3 is eventually dismissed, the plaintiff or the petitioner will have to pay full restitution, actual or realistic costs and mesne profits.
If an exparte injunction order is granted, then in that case an endeavour should be made to dispose of the application for injunction as expeditiously as may be possible, preferably as soon as the defendant appears in the court. It is also a matter of common experience that once an ad interim injunction is granted, the plaintiff or the petitioner would make all efforts to ensure that injunction continues indefinitely.
The other appropriate order can be to limit the life of the ex-parte injunction or stay order for a week or so because in such cases the usual tendency of unnecessarily prolonging the matters by the plaintiffs or the petitioners after obtaining ex-parte injunction orders or stay orders may not find encouragement.
We have to dispel the common impression that a party by obtaining an injunction based on even false averments and forged documents will tire out the 3 true owner and ultimately the true owner will have to give up to the wrongdoer his legitimate profit. It is also a matter of common experience that to achieve clandestine objects, false pleas are often taken and forged documents are filed indiscriminately in our courts because they have hardly any apprehension of being prosecuted for perjury by the courts or even pay heavy costs.
In Swaran Singh v. State of Punjab 5 SCC this court was constrained to observe that perjury has become a way of life in our courts. It is a typical example how a litigation proceeds and continues and in the end there is a profit for the wrongdoer. Learned amicus articulated common man's general impression about litigation in following words: The other party will be coerced into a settlement which will be profitable for me and the probability of the court ordering prosecution for perjury is less than that of meeting with an accident while crossing the road.
Perjury has also become a way of life in the law courts. A trial Judge knows that the witness is telling a lie and is going back on his previous statement, yet he does not wish to punish him or even file a complaint against him. He is required to sign the complaint himself which deters him from filing the complaint. Perhaps law needs amendment to clause b of Section 3 of the Code of Criminal Procedure in this respect as the High Court can direct any officer to file a complaint. To get rid of the evil of perjury, the court should resort to the use of the provisions of law as contained in Chapter XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure.
In a recent judgment in the case of Mahila Vinod Kumari v. State of Madhya Pradesh 8 SCC 34 this court has shown great concern about alarming proportion of perjury cases in our country.
The main question which arises for our consideration is whether the prevailing delay in civil litigation can be curbed?
In our considered opinion the existing system can be drastically changed or improved if the following steps are taken by the trial courts while dealing with the civil trials. Pleadings are foundation of the claims of parties. Civil litigation is largely based on documents.
It is the bounden duty and obligation of the trial judge to carefully scrutinize, check and verify the pleadings and the documents filed by the parties. This must be done immediately after civil suits are filed.
The Court should resort to discovery and production of documents and interrogatories at the earliest according to the object of the Code. If this exercise is carefully carried out, it would focus the controversies involved in the case and help the court in arriving at truth of the matter and doing substantial justice.
Sai Baba of Shirdi
Imposition of actual, realistic or proper costs and or ordering prosecution would go a long way in controlling the tendency of introducing false pleadings and forged and fabricated documents by the litigants. Imposition of 3 heavy costs would also control unnecessary adjournments by the parties. In appropriate cases the courts may consider ordering prosecution otherwise it may not be possible to maintain purity and sanctity of judicial proceedings.
The Court must adopt realistic and pragmatic approach in granting mesne profits. The Court must carefully keep in view the ground realities while granting mesne profits. The courts should be extremely careful and cautious in granting ex-parte ad interim injunctions or stay orders.
Ordinarily short notice should be issued to the defendants or respondents and only after hearing concerned parties appropriate orders should be passed. Litigants who obtained ex-parte ad interim injunction on the strength of false pleadings 3 and forged documents should be adequately punished. No one should be allowed to abuse the process of the court. The principle of restitution be fully applied in a pragmatic manner in order to do real and substantial justice.
Every case emanates from a human or a commercial problem and the Court must make serious endeavour to resolve the problem within the framework of law and in accordance with the well settled principles of law and justice. If in a given case, ex parte injunction is granted, then the said application for grant of injunction should be disposed of on merits, after hearing both sides as expeditiously as may be possible on a priority basis and undue adjournments should be avoided.
At the time of filing of the plaint, the trial court should prepare complete schedule and fix dates for all the stages of the suit, right from filing of the written statement till pronouncement of judgment and the courts should strictly adhere to the said dates and the said time table as far as possible.
If any interlocutory application is filed then the same be disposed of in between the said dates of hearings fixed in the said suit itself so that the date fixed for the main suit may not be disturbed.
According to us, these aforementioned steps may help the courts to drastically improve the existing system of administration of civil litigation in our Courts.
No doubt, it would take some time for the courts, litigants and the advocates to follow the aforesaid steps, but once it is observed across the country, then prevailing system of adjudication of civil courts is bound to improve. While imposing costs we have to take into consideration pragmatic realities and be realistic what the defendants or the respondents had to actually incur in contesting the litigation before different courts.